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Warm Nights

Warm Nights

Good for the energy bill but not ideal for the crop

 

Recently it has been noticeably muggy and warm during the night.  This is great for the energy bill but if you are growing tomatoes and are in the warmer parts of the country fruit size could be affected.  If you are a capsicum grower you will be quite happy if the light is sufficient, and plants will not abort after several days of dull humid weather.  With the warm nights has also come some patchy weather.  The light meters are all over the place, with high light readings one week and much lower than expected the following week.  Over a month it will average out but the inconsistent in and out weather will be causing some irritating issues. 

For older crops protecting the plants and the fruit quality is going to be critical heading towards Christmas and historically low prices.  ReduFuse, or diffused coatings, is a no brainer especially if you are having quality issues and the vigour of the crop has diminished.  This is not just for tomatoes but all crops that will perform much better with protection (not shading) from the harsh sun.  Some nursery crops may benefit from Reduheat products. ReduHeat is a removable coating that reflects the heat rays (infrared) of the sun. The transmission of grow light (PAR) remains high. ... It is suitable for crops that thrive on large amounts of light but need protection against heat.

It is also very important to monitor the irrigation daily and decide if you are starting the watering early enough and ending the day at the correct time.  Certainly, if it is warmer than normal at night then the natural evaporation/dry-down occurring may catch you off guard.  Some substrates may be drying more than you would expect for this time of the year. You may require night shots or adjust your start times to maintain target figures.  If you have graphs of water content or weigh scales, then I would be looking for that sharp drop in the morning period when the plant is actively taking up water again.  If you see a sharp decline or drop then you have started the irrigation too late. 

There is a train of thought that if you don’t wait until you see the drop how do you know when it is too early? This is fair and I agree with that in the winter but not now when plants in New Zealand have extreme weather to cope with.  Our climate is harsh on crops during the summer. Making sure they have replenishment early and are ready for the long day ahead is very important.

To navigate what could be a challenging growing summer consider what you may require to ensure crop health.  The weather has been unsettled enough and with a hot summer predicted I would consider protecting an older crop with a coating on my roof.

 

 

Article written and compiled by Stefan Vogrincic

All Article’s checked and edited by Marie Vogrincic

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