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January day in October

January day in October

Plants struggle to adjust

 

After a few weeks of quite cool and what I describe as ‘soft’ weather the 9th of October was a complete contrast.  It was unusually warm, with a strong, dry southerly breeze. Not only was the weather hot and windy but the outside humidity was low.  On one environmental computer system, I oversee, there was over 2200 joules accumulated during the daylight period, almost double that of any other day for the past week or so.  This was a January day in October. 

Plants that are older, or even close to picking, will find it very hard to cope with this rapid change in the weather.  I would liken this to a car going from 2nd to 5th gear up a hill.   There are many reasons why the plant struggles to take up water in this situation.  Making sure you use tools at your disposal to cope with an increased need for transpiration is important to restrict plant stress.

Trapping as much humidity in the greenhouse is a good start, even if this means sacrificing temperature.  If I found myself in this situation, I would close my wind side vent to 0% and reduce my leeside.  Restricting the air movement and ‘sucking’ of humidity out the greenhouse would be my goal.   This may affect the C02 levels in your greenhouse, however, if your plants are in respiration or survival mode phase, my immediate concern is preventing more root and plant damage

Lowering your EC, for ease of uptake is also important, but you must make sure you do not overwater!  If you overwater and have high runoff, even with a low EC you may be starving the substrate of oxygen compounding the issue. If you are absolutely desperate then get your sprayer out and spray some plain water directed to the vents.  This may cause burning on the leaf but it will lift the humidity. 

Growers who have the ability should consider using coatings supplied by ReduSystems, ReduFuse coating.  ReduFuse is a coating that diffuses the light when it enters the greenhouse. Diffused light penetrates deeper into the crop and can improve production and quality, it will also make the lower leaves transpire more efficiently.  I believe this product should be considered to reduce risk and increase production.  https://www.redusystems.com/en/redusystems/diffusion/redufuse-en/

Other products growers should consider is spraying or drenching SiliFert-P which helps plants cope with natural resistance against biotic and abiotic stress.

New Zealand’s weather can be harsh, we may not have the super high temperatures but the ‘in and out’ weather makes our growing challenges unique.  I always found October and November a real challenge, it’s almost like the weather creeps up on you and can bite you!  Great to have the light, but you need to ready your crop for the sting it always provides.

 

Cover photo of the day in question.  These plants have made a recovery but there will be a small loss in production on the plants that were stressed like the one in shot.

 

 

I appreciate your comments.  Please feel free to comment on the grower2grower Facebook page:

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Article Written by Stefan Vogrincic, Consultant, Grower2Grower

Article Edited by Marie Vogrincic, Editor, Grower2Grower