19
Nov 2018

Cucumber Leaf Phytotoxic Reaction.

Cucumber Leaf Phytotoxic Reaction.

Accidentally damaged not through neglect but kindness

 

It is timely that I write this article the week Educhem opened their new premises in Tuakau.  Whether it is a coincidence or just good timing, this is a perfect example of why there is a need to make sure every grower has the best possible knowledge and information to prevent potential accidents from occurring.

In the cover photo, I think it is probable that there has been a phytotoxic reaction to the cucumber leaf.  After a bit of probing, I realised this may have been caused by residue from a disinfectant.  It is possible it had remained active/present in the irrigation lines between plantings.  The level of concentration (luckily), from the disinfectant in the irrigation lines, must have been at the low end of the scale, but you can see it has affected the appearance of the leaf, turning almost 80-90% of the leaf a light yellow/lime colour.  The very top of the plant was ok and I expect the plant to grow through this hiccup.  It is hard to put a financial value on how much this will cost the grower.  It will certainly take, depending on the severity, time to recover and therefore a delay to the start of harvesting.  It is more than probable this will have had an adverse effect on the root systems reducing their growth rate.

The benefit of my experience and visiting hundreds of growers, in New Zealand and globally, is that I have seen many crops accidentally damaged not through neglect but kindness.  I have seen crops damaged by products used to disinfect irrigation lines before.  A problem may occur if you don’t flush out the irrigation lines sufficiently before you replant and residue from the chemical has remained.  If you are not changing your substrate and wish to disinfect irrigation lines, please, first remove the drippers from the substrate.

Cucumbers are very sensitive to the slightest issue. Tomatoes and peppers are more forgiving but not exempt, if the product is toxic to the plant then you will damage the plant, affecting its ability to function normally.  Here is the conundrum, either do nothing or do something, especially if you know you have a problem with your water supply.  I think growers should be encouraged to use products that keep their irrigation systems clean and their plants healthy, but the advice given to them when purchasing these products is the most important piece of the puzzle.  Water sources are generally never 100% free from contamination, otherwise we would not have the need for such products on the market. 

By completing appropriate training, you will equip yourself with the questions to ask your supplier, when purchasing chemicals, to limit the chance of plant damage.  It won’t make growers immune to problems, but I would certainly hope it will prevent severe crop damage.   Always consider the time of the year, the age of the crop, and how the weather will influence toxic reactions.

It is not just cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants that are affected but all plants grown in greenhouses.  Flower growers have to be especially vigilant, if the flower is damaged then their product is not marketable. 

Below is an article I came across on the internet from Kristin Getter, Michigan State University.  If you have time it is worth reading.

 http://www.canr.msu.edu/news/plant_phytotoxicity_in_the_greenhouse

 

I appreciate your comments.  Please feel free to comment below or on the grower2grower Facebook page:

https://www.facebook.com/StefanGrower2grower/

Article Written by Stefan Vogrincic, Consultant, Grower2Grower

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