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‘The faster shoot development and better shoot quality lead to higher yields with a shorter cultivation time’
In practice, rooting cuttings and growing young cannabis plants is often a process that is far from uniform. Better performance in this crucial cultivation stage has a major impact on the final results. The root development can be controlled better by means of a dynamic light recipe, resulting in a shorter cultivation time, more homogeneous growth and better-quality flowers at the end. Due to the shortened cultivation time, the number of cultivation cycles can reach up to six per year. An additional advantage is that the use of rooting hormone powder, which is not permitted in some countries, becomes unnecessary. In addition, rooting hormone chemicals can sometimes hamper the proper root development.
Signify has developed dynamic Philips LED light recipes (spectral tuning) for better results in the rooting and growing phases of cannabis plants. Specific control of root and shoot development results in faster, more uniform plant development in the vegetative and flowering stages. The faster shoot development and better shoot quality lead to higher yields with a shorter cultivation time. The key to success is a light recipe with a specific ratio of red and far-red light during the root induction phase, in combination with the right light intensity. Dynamic grow light is also a powerful control tool to influence plant structure (morphology) during the vegetative growth phase.
The basis for successful cannabis cultivation is laid while growing the cuttings to young plants. Cuttings must form roots, and they do so under the influence of the plant hormone auxin. Auxin is formed in the apical shoot of the cuttings on the mother plant. From there, auxin is naturally transported to the base of the cutting where it is needed to induce rooting. This process is partly influenced by the prevailing light conditions. The phenomenon is known as shade avoidance response. The spectrum (the ratio of red to far-red light) and the light intensity are both important here. In the right proportions, light can induce a rapid production of auxin and its transportation to the root zone. When the light intensity is too high, the auxin is rapidly broken down, which weakens the stimulus to form roots. The application of a dynamic light recipe makes the use of rooting hormone, which is permitted in some countries and not in others, unnecessary. This is good, because it reduces the risk that any contamination of mother plants is transmitted via the rooting hormone powder to cuttings that come from healthy plants. In addition, the rooting phase is shortened by several days.
Influencing plant morphology
After the rooting phase, the uniform batch of plants should grow quickly (vegetative phase) before flowering (generative phase). Dynamic growth light also appears to be useful in the pre-vegetative transition phase from rooting to vegetative growth. At this stage, the spectrum can be used to influence further morphological development of the plant and the quality of the shoots. Control of the number of branches and control of internode length can be achieved with spectral tuning. Mostly, this is achieved by playing with the red/blue ratios and the red/far red ratios.
When growing in multi layer systems, the available height is usually limited. In that case, tuning it towards a compact plant with shorter internodes may be desirable. Depending on the characteristics of the variety, it is also possible to control stretching (longer internodes).
Dynamic grow light in practice
Optimization of spectrum and light intensity in this crucial development phase results in faster, healthy root development, more vital young plants and more uniform, vigorous growth. With a dynamic Philips GreenPower LED installation in combination with the Philips GrowWise Control System, cannabis growers can perfectly match both the spectrum and the light intensity to the different cultivation phases for their various species. They can also be the first to benefit from the knowledge and experience developed for the Philips LEDs, which is enriched daily based on laboratory and practical research. Lastly, several customers are starting to use spectral tuning on early growth phase. More to be shared later. Stay tuned.
Dr. Céline C.S. Nicole-de Groot is a researcher at Philips since 2001 and program leader for the indoor farming research in the Netherlands. She has expertise in physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, plant sciences, light and sensing technology. The last 14 years, she has accumulated expertise in technology, light for greenhouse and indoor horticulture. Specialized on Cannabis research since 2018 where she coordinates open innovation and University research on indoor cultivation.
For further information, please contact:
Philips horticulture LED solutions by Signify
Daniela Damoiseaux – global marcom manager
Tel: +316 40578311
Signify (Euronext: LIGHT) is the world leader in lighting for professionals and consumers and lighting for the Internet of Things. Our Philips products, Interact connected lighting systems and data-enabled services, deliver business value and transform life in homes, buildings and public spaces. In 2021, we had sales of EUR 6.9 billion, approximately 37,000 employees and a presence in over 70 countries. We unlock the extraordinary potential of light for brighter lives and a better world. We achieved carbon neutrality in 2020, have been in the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index since our IPO for six consecutive years and were named Industry Leader in 2017, 2018 and 2019. News from Signify is located at the Newsroom, Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram. Information for investors can be found on the Investor Relations page.
New Zealand Contact:
Business Development Manager
Specification, Systems and LED Agriculture Solutions
Mobile + 64 21 2254526
Level 3, 123 Carlton Gore Road,
Newmarket, Auckland 1023
Account Manager Horticulture LED Solutions
+ 61 448 881 338
Suite 022, 44 Lakeview Drive
Scoresby, VIC 3179, Australia
Signify (Euronext: LIGHT) is the world leader in lighting for professionals and consumers and lighting for the Internet of Things. Our Philips products, Interact connected lighting systems and data-enabled services, deliver business value and transform life in homes, buildings and public spaces. With 2020 sales of EUR 6.5 billion, we have approximately 38,000 employees and are present in over 70 countries. We unlock the extraordinary potential of light with smart lighting solutions that improve quality of life, and by working towards a sustainable future. We became a carbon-neutral company in 2020, since our stock market listing, we have been in the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for four years in a row and were named Industry Leader in 2017, 2018 and 2019. News from Signify is located at the Newsroom, Twitter, LinkedIn and Instagram. Information for investors can be found on the Investor Relations page.
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